Can You Do Real Work With the 30-Year-Old IBM 5150?

Our intrepid reporter spends a week trying to write, browse the Web, edit photos, and even tweet on IBM's first PC.

But Can It Surf?

After fiddling with images for a while, I realized that I hadn't checked my email in quite a few hours. I decided to attempt it on the 5150.

I identified a few routes that I could take to attack the Internet problem. The most challenging approach involved hooking up some sort of ethernet adapter to the 5150, and then running programs on the IBM that would allow Web browsing and email checking. It's possible--I've done it on similar DOS machines--but it's complicated.

I also had a parallel-port-based ethernet adapter that could work, but that too would take lots of configuration time. Above all else, the most limiting factor for this method was the fact that most of the DOS-based Internet software I found (including the smallest text-based Web browser) could not fit on a 360KB disk.

So I decided to try the easiest solution: I could use the 5150's serial port as an umbilical to a more modern PC that would act as a vintage ISP server. I happened to have just such a machine, running Linux, already set up (I use it to test my vintage serial terminals). Linux, like its Unix ancestors, can redirect its text-based command prompt (similar to the command line in MS-DOS) to a serial port on its host machine. In this scenario, I would connect the 5150 to the Linux computer with a serial cable, and the 5150 would run a special piece of software called a terminal emulator. That software allows the 5150 to act as a fancy monitor and keyboard for the Linux machine.

This approach may seem like cheating, but it is exactly how people from the 5150 era all the way up to the early 1990s used the Internet and other networks. They dialed up, logged in, and ran software on the remote machine, receiving results from the remote network through a telephone modem connection. In my case, no dialing up would be necessary because the two computers were sitting a few feet from each other.

You've Got Mail

After linking the 5150 to my pseudo-ISP machine, I booted up and ran DataStorm's Procomm Plus, a very popular shareware terminal-emulator program from the 1980s. I logged in to the Linux system and ran Pine, a program that Linux folks may remember as the most popular way to check Internet email before graphical OSs and PPP connections shifted things over to client-side software like Eudora.

It worked. Sadly, I had no new email. Testing the IBM's email functionality would not be complete without sending an email message, so I fired a note off to one of my colleagues.

Having conquered email, I next focused on Twitter. Could I tweet from an IBM 5150? The answer was yes, thanks to a console Twitter client for Linux that I had installed on my ISP machine called Twidge. I typed up the following command: "./twidge update "I'm tweeting this from an IBM PC 5150. 8088, 640K, CGA."

And lo, Twidge sent it out across the Twitterverse. Unfortunately, no one noticed. After checking out a few tweets from Alyssa Milano, I moved on.

Theoretically, the PC-as-terminal-emulator should have had no problem with Web browsing in text. For a browser, I chose Lynx, a text-based program commonly found lurking near Unix-like operating systems. In this case, I ran Lynx on my ISP machine. All seemed well at first--but then I called up a website. The PC had some trouble displaying a few terminal formatting codes properly (likely the result of a terminal type error on the Linux end), resulting in asterisks sprinkled liberally throughout the websites I viewed. Pretty stars.

In total, I visited two sites: Google and PCWorld.com.

Both looked suitably messed up because neither site had been designed with text in mind. Nonetheless, I had proved that it was possible--in that chopping-down-a-tree-with-a-bat kind of way--to extract information from the Web on a 5150.

Next page: Getting down to business with word processing

Tags desktopsIBMdesktop pcshardware systems

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Benj Edwards

PC World (US online)

3 Comments

Dan

1

Great article, just shows the quality of engineering and the robustness of equipment in the early days of the personal computer was top notch. Granted size limitations and processor speeds were limiting by todays standards; your evaluation (experiment) show that old equipment can again be used (although limited).

Fleet Command

2

Computer collector, eh? Your computers are lucky having you to be able to see sunlight once again. Mine aren't that lucky.

The first computer that I had was an IBM-PC Compatible Aztech system sporting an Intel 80386DX CPU and a Trident VESA video card with 512 KB VRAM. It was built in 1992 and came with a HUGE hard disk drive (40 MB)!

I never retired that computer; it is KIA! Its longest surviving component was its keyboard which worked until mid-2001, when it suddenly died out. (By then I had to use a special adapter to connect it to PS/2 ports.) Its longest surviving thing was its tower's skin (box) which housed an Intel Pentium 233 and the corresponding retinue until 2003.

Egil

3

I loved the article!

Writing high quality document would be possible with mg/latex and html-pages is easy to write with vi/vim/mg . Emacs are unfortunalty too slow or big for these machines. Vi/Vim was developed for slow lines over modems. I can see these as workmachines, to do the real works nobody else would bother:
Write big books or big webpages. ;)

*BSD (before 4.3 BSD) was already around on universities,
long before this machine and DOS.

I have a Compaq DX486 with 48MB RAM and 480MB+2000GB HDD. I used it for several years as a firewall and router and had uptime for over a year until power outage. Sure it takes 14 seconds for ssh to log in, but who cares? :)
Now it's replaced by a boring small router from the cable company. The magic is gone.

I had a i286 but I had to throw it away as it was useless with Linux. Damn, I loved it, but it was so big and useless for me.

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