New datacentre survey shows mediocre results for energy efficiency

The 'average' large datacentre has a PUE of 2.9, worse than previous studies had indicated

A new survey suggests that large datacentres might be less energy efficient than was previously thought.

The survey, by Digital Realty Trust, quizzed 300 IT decision makers at large corporations in North America, each with annual revenue of at least US$1 billion or with at least 5,000 employees.

The results revealed an average PUE (Power Usage Effectiveness) score of 2.9. PUE is a measure of datacentre efficiency, and lower scores are better. Ideal scores are close to 1.0, and previous surveys have estimated the average to be closer to 2.0.

PUE is only one way of measuring energy efficiency and there's no standardized way of calculating it, so the finding isn't necessarily dire. But it's a data point suggesting that datacentres might be less efficient on average than previously thought.

The Uptime Institute, in a survey last year of 1,100 datacentre users, reported an average PUE of 1.8 to 1.89. That was an improvement over 2.5 in its 2007 survey. The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, in 2009, reportedly put the average PUE at 1.91.

Big online firms such as Google and Microsoft have boasted of PUEs of close to 1.0, but they're special cases. Many of the datacentres they operate are new, and they invest heavily in IT efficiency, since it affects so much of their overall operating costs.

"While a PUE of 2.9 seems terribly inefficient, we view it as more being closer to the norm than the extremely low (close to 1) figures reported in the media," said Jim Smith, Digital Realty's CTO, via email. "In our view, those figures represent what a very small number of organizations can achieve based on a unique operating model."

The survey also showed that 20 percent of respondents reported having a PUE of less than 2.0, while 9 percent had a PUE of 4.0 or greater.

PUE is a ratio that looks at the total energy supplied to a datacentre, divided by the amount of energy that actually reaches the IT equipment. It reveals how much energy is expended on cooling systems and other noncompute functions. A PUE of 2.0 means that for every 2 watts supplied to the datacentre, only 1 watt reaches the computing equipment.

The average from this week's survey can be attributed to older designs and equipment, under-utilized assets, and other design and operating issues, Smith said. There are other factors, too. The figures reported "reinforce the fact that IT is not easy. Designing datacentre operations around an organization's infrastructure and operations is not a simple task," he said.

The main focus for many datacentres is making sure that services remain available, he added. That can mean installing redundant equipment, which creates inefficiency.

Despite the relatively poor PUE score, Digital Realty's survey points to increased efforts to improve efficiency. Four out of five respondents said they take steps to keep hot exhaust air from servers mixing with cold air used for cooling, known as hot-aisle or cold-aisle containment. That was up from less than two-thirds in 2011. And 85 percent use some type of datacentre infrastructure management software, an emerging class of products that can be used to improve efficiency.

Other findings include:

-- Nearly all respondents, 98 percent, said they plan to expand their datacentres in 2013 or 2014, the highest percentage in the seven years Digital Realty has sponsored the survey;

-- 65 percent would prefer to locate a new or expanded datacentre in New York City;

-- Among international locations, London (39 percent), Hong Kong (34 percent) and Tokyo (27 percent) were mentioned most often;

-- 66 percent have built or acquired a new datacentre in the past two years;

-- A quarter of respondents reported operating six or more datacentres, not including "IT closets" in branch offices;

-- The average power density is 8.5 kW per rack, and the average IT load is 2.6 mW, both up from last year.

James Niccolai covers datacentres and general technology news for IDG News Service. Follow James on Twitter at @jniccolai. James's e-mail address is james_niccolai@idg.com

Join the PC World newsletter!

Error: Please check your email address.

Tags hardware systemsDigital Realty Trustentertainment

Keep up with the latest tech news, reviews and previews by subscribing to the Good Gear Guide newsletter.

James Niccolai

IDG News Service

Most Popular Reviews

Follow Us

Best Deals on GoodGearGuide

Shopping.com

Latest News Articles

Resources

GGG Evaluation Team

Kathy Cassidy

STYLISTIC Q702

First impression on unpacking the Q702 test unit was the solid feel and clean, minimalist styling.

Anthony Grifoni

STYLISTIC Q572

For work use, Microsoft Word and Excel programs pre-installed on the device are adequate for preparing short documents.

Steph Mundell

LIFEBOOK UH574

The Fujitsu LifeBook UH574 allowed for great mobility without being obnoxiously heavy or clunky. Its twelve hours of battery life did not disappoint.

Andrew Mitsi

STYLISTIC Q702

The screen was particularly good. It is bright and visible from most angles, however heat is an issue, particularly around the Windows button on the front, and on the back where the battery housing is located.

Simon Harriott

STYLISTIC Q702

My first impression after unboxing the Q702 is that it is a nice looking unit. Styling is somewhat minimalist but very effective. The tablet part, once detached, has a nice weight, and no buttons or switches are located in awkward or intrusive positions.

Latest Jobs

Shopping.com

Don’t have an account? Sign up here

Don't have an account? Sign up now

Forgot password?