Golovanov gave an example of how cyber criminals are making money from malicious software. After infecting approximately 5 million computers with a worm, its developers offered infected users a rogue anti-virus program for $50 that would fix the problem. Clearly, even if only a fraction of infected users purchase the program, the culprits have made a significant profit.
Golovanov also discussed the economy of cyber crime, with hackers and malware developers exchanging worms and exploits for cash or a percentage of profits. According to Kaspersky Lab's research, the four main "cash cows" for these affiliate networks are adult Web sites, spam, rogue anti-spyware and password-stealing malware.