Next generation Windows: Longhorn developers' alpha release

Microsoft recently released a developers' alpha version of Longhorn at its Windows Hardware Engineering Conference (WinHEC). After playing with it for a few hours, I can tell you that Longhorn is far from complete, but what I saw looked great.

Longhorn is the working title for the long-awaited next version of Windows, which will be XP's replacement. Microsoft hasn't announced a final name or firm shipping date, but the company now says that Longhorn won't be out before late next year. And even then, it will lack some previously-announced features; most notably the improved WinFS file system.

Pretty pictures

The first thing you notice after booting this Longhorn alpha is the beautiful icons. Many, including the main ones, like folders, drives, and Computer (the "My" has been dropped), are richer, more detailed, and more three-dimensional.

But that's just the beginning. Open the Start menu and Click "All Programs". Instead of the familiar cascading menu, the left panel changes into a list of all your programs, expandable by clicking the folder icons of what used to be submenus.

Want to go to a program that's not visible? The list is scrollable, but you can also move quickly by simply typing appropriate letters. This typing won't bring you to programs listed in submenus unless those submenus are expanded. Of course, you can expand a submenu by typing the first few letters of its name, then pressing "Enter" once it's highlighted.

If you keep your Start Menu well-organised, with lots of submenus inside submenus, this setup will be more of a hassle than a convenience. But most people will probably find it an improvement.

Another nice improve­ment: a "Run" text box is located right there on the Start menu.

Exploring Longhorn's explorer

You'll also find major improvements in Windows Explorer.

First, all the displayed drives have bar charts showing their used and empty space. Look closer and you may notice the lack of drive letters. Longhorn isn't about to show you any DOS-like paths unless you ask for them (but yes, they're there if you need them).

Go into a drive, and then into some folders, and you'll discover that the Address Bar also avoids anything DOS-like. Instead, it displays the path as a series of pull-down menus, one for each folder above the current one. You can pull down any of these for quick navigation around your PC.

Here's something very cool: click the View icon on the Standard Button bar and you'll get a slider that lets you zoom in and out for a closer or wider view of your icons (which are often views of your files rather than symbols of their file types). It also lets you switch between the various familiar views.

A new bar, on the bottom of the Explorer window, displays the properties of the file you've selected, including metadata (information about the file, such as its author, keywords, comments, and so forth). You can edit this metadata from Explorer, which will hopefully encourage more people to use it, making searches easier and all the more powerful.

Searching for possibilities

Easier and more powerful searches are a large part of what Longhorn is about, even without the WinFS file system.

In Longhorn, Explorer displays column heads for easy sorting, even when it's not in Details view. And these column heads do a lot more than sort. Click, say, the date header, and you'll get a drop-down menu that clearly spells out the "Oldest on top" and "Newest on top" options, and also lets you choose to only view files altered today, last week, or last July.

Need a better search than that? Explorer also has a quick search bar and a Windows 2000-like searching panel (in other words, no disgustingly cute dog). Or try the new, full search tool. It helps you set up filters, one after another, until you've refined your search to exactly what you need. You could, for instance, look for files containing the text "warthogs are difficult to train," with file names ending in "bob," modified on or before April 29, 2005, that are larger than 15,000 bytes. And you can just keep adding criteria. See "New desktop search tool finds files faster" (below), for more details.

Of course, it will take a lot more than better searches and an improved user interface to get people to upgrade their operating system. Perhaps, when Longhorn finally arrives, we'll actually get an easy, stable, fast, and secure version of Windows.

Then again, maybe not.

Verdict A first look at Microsoft's next operating system, Longhorn, looks good, particularly better searches and an improved user interface. Lincoln Spector

Microsoft Longhorn developers' alpha

Release Price: TBA Vendor: Microsoft Phone: 13 2058 URL: System Requirements: To be advised

Alpha version, not rated

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Lincoln Spector

PC World
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