Ballmer eyes Linux, Google users

Microsoft CEO, Steve Ballmer, claims the company has ironed out all of the security problems in its forthcoming Windows Vista operating system so that users can consider adopting it the first day it is released. For the most part.

"Most people will trust it from day one on their home computer, and then they will have to decide about their corporate [PC]. I encourage you to get it early but I must be honest among friends," Ballmer joked before an audience of IT professionals and analysts at Gartner's Symposium and ITxpo 2005.

In a wide-ranging chat with Gartner analysts, Tom Bittman and Dave Cearley, Ballmer touched on some of the prominent topics surrounding Microsoft this year, including its all-out effort to improve the security of its products, the competitive threat from Linux and Google, and delays in the long-awaited successor to the Windows XP operating system, Windows Vista.

Windows Vista, formerly known by its Longhorn code name, was originally supposed to be available by now as an ambitious upgrade to Windows XP. It was supposed to include a new file system and a new presentation surface, among other things, but Microsoft was unable to make sure all the new components of the OS would interoperate in time for its current launch date, the second half of next year, Ballmer said.

Instead, Microsoft decided to roll out those components over time after the launch of Vista, Ballmer said. This also gave the company's developers time to run code through tools designed to probe for security weaknesses.

In the meantime, Microsoft was faced with having to grow its business in a new world where PC users often bypassed the desktop to use applications delivered over the Internet, Bittman said.

"In the 1980s, the strategy was about API [application programming interface] control; in the Internet world, it's more about interoperability and Web services," he said.

In response, Microsoft was encouraging Windows developers to also build applications that delivered software programs over the Internet, Ballmer said. The company was also looking to nurture the development of applications that bridged the desktop environment and the Internet.

"We think there is an aspect to what we do that has to be client, server, and software as a service," Ballmer said.

With companies such as Google and Yahoo developing a strong presence on the Internet based on the quality of their search results, Microsoft must also look to leapfrog those companies with new search capabilities and technologies, Ballmer said.

"In general, 50 per cent of searches do not lead to the desired outcome. Does anybody not believe that the search experience is going to be dramatically better 10 years from now? Does anybody deny it would be nice to search within the enterprise and outside the enterprise?" Ballmer asked the audience.

"We see plenty of opportunities in things that Google might or might not do. If you read the newspapers today, other than curing cancer, Google will do everything."

Microsoft had to walk a fine line as it develops its Web products, between evangelising the idea of basic computing delivered over the Web and continuing to promote its Windows and Office franchises, Bittman said.

"Fundamentally, we don't see their [business] model going over a cliff. But it shifts toward this new model that is software as a service, and ads," Bittman said. If Microsoft could get regular computer users to use its MSN portal as a home for email, instant messaging and basic word processing, it could promise a great deal of traffic for potential advertisers, he said.

Microsoft also intended to specifically target Linux users with new capabilities in Windows and other products, Ballmer said. For example, Microsoft planned to go after the high-performance computing community with a forthcoming compute-cluster product.

In order to make these visions a reality, Microsoft would need to reverse its decline as a cool place to work among the industry's brightest stars, Bittman said.

"They deliver cool stuff, Vista is cool. But the most interesting place to be is not Microsoft; they have to make it interesting," He noted that Ballmer took great pains to emphasise the amount innovation that was taking place at Microsoft, from Web services development to the Xbox 360.

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