AMD challenges Intel with notebook chip

AMD aims to grab notebook PC business from Intel Corp. with its Wednesday launch of a new line of Turion mobile processors.

Advanced Micro Devices (AMD) aims to grab notebook PC business from Intel with a new line of Turion mobile processors.

The Turion 64 X2 chips would be the first 64-bit, dual-core processors to reach the notebook market, mobile division marketing manager for AMD, David Rooney, said.

Customers demanded 64-bit processing to run multithreaded digital media applications and the future Microsoft Vista OS, he said.

Multicore processing allows control over many applications running on a single PC.

AMD said 85 per cent of PC users ran six applications at once: antivirus, email, firewall, spam protection, a pop-up blocker and spyware.

Still, Intel's Centrino has been a financial success in the notebook market. Centrino bundles software and hardware, including the processor, chipset and wireless technology.

To compete effectively, AMD will need more than just a good processor.

So, AMD has challenged Intel by offering PC vendors more choice. Vendors can choose from a menu of graphics and wireless providers that all work with Turion chips, such as ATI Technologies or Nvidia for graphics and Airgo Networks, Atheros Communications or Broadcom for wireless.

By comparison, Intel forces PC vendors to all use the same Centrino platform and compete with each other on price alone, Rooney said.

AMD could also seize an advantage by launching its new chip first, analysts said.

AMD's decision to launch its new Turion in May gives PC vendors time to get their products on store shelves in time for the back-to-school rush, the second-largest selling season in the US, an analyst with Current Analysis, Nicole D'Onofrio, said.

Already, vendors planning to sell Turion-based notebook PCs this quarter include Acer, Fujitsu Siemens Computers, Gateway, HP and nine more.

That could give AMD an advantage whether shoppers were comparing the high-end Turion versus Intel's Core Duo, or comparing AMD's low-end Sempron versus Intel's Celeron, she said.

Intel has traditionally had a massive advantage in market share, with 83.13 per cent compared to AMD's 15.14 per cent of the US retail market for notebook PCs in April 2005, not counting sales by Dell or Wal-Mart Stores, according to a survey of national retailers by Current Analysis.

By April 2006, that lead had nearly vanished, with Intel at 54.71 per cent compared to AMD's 44.66 per cent.

AMD is not nearly as strong in the worldwide mobile PC market, rising from an 8.9 per cent market share in the fourth quarter of 2004 to 12.2 per cent in the fourth quarter of 2005, according to AMD.

By either measure, most analysts expect Intel to rebound in August when it launches the mobile version of its new Core 2 Duo chips, code-named Merom, featuring 65-nanometer, 64-bit, dual-core design. By reaching the market first, AMD may be able to take the edge off that Intel comeback.

AMD will sell four models of Turion 64 X2: TL-50, TL-52, TL-56 and TL-60. They are priced from $US184 to $US354, in units of 1000.

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