Is IE or Firefox to blame for newest browser zero-day?

Confusion over origin of browser zero-day bug

Confusion reigns around a zero-day browser vulnerability made public Tuesday, with four researchers or organizations squaring off over whether Microsoft's Internet Explorer or Mozilla's Firefox is at fault.

According to researcher Thor Larholm, the zero-day bug is in IE. "There is an input validation flaw in Internet Explorer that allows you to specify arbitrary arguments to the process responsible for handling URL protocols," Larholm said on his blog. That becomes a problem on PCs that also have Firefox or later. Firefox, said Larholm, registers a URL protocol handler called FirefoxURL, designed to let Web pages force a Firefox launch if the "firefoxurl://" uniform resource identifier (URI) is used.

IE doesn't perform any input validation on the protocol, which means an attacker can use IE to pass malicious a script -- JavaScript code, say -- to the browser. The result: a PC hijack. Symantec's analysts backed up Larholm's conclusion.

Larholm also said that the IE bug is similar to the input validation vulnerability in Safari 3.0 that he spotted the same day Apple released the Windows browser in beta.

Others, however, blamed Firefox for the vulnerability. In an e-mail, Thomas Kristensen, chief technology officer at Danish bug tracker Secunia, did not dispute Larholm's findings but did have a problem with his conclusion. "This is in fact not an IE issue, it is a Firefox issue," said Kristensen. "The way in which the URL handler was registered by Firefox causes any parameter to be passed from IE (or another application) to Firefox when firefoxurl:// is activated." FrSIRT, a French company that also monitors vulnerabilities, agreed with Secunia.

"Registering a URI handler must be done with care," said Kristensen, "since Windows does not have any proper way of knowing what kind of input potentially could be dangerous for an application. Improper usage of URI handlers and parameters supplied via URIs has historically caused problems."

No matter which browser is to blame, it takes two to tango or, in this case, both must be present to let an attacker inject malicious code. Only PCs with Firefox or later (Firefox's most recent update was to 2.0.04) are vulnerable, and then only if the victim uses IE to surf to a malicious site sporting the firefoxurl:// protocol.

Secunia rated the threat as "highly critical," its second-highest ranking; FrSIRT, meanwhile, pegged it as "critical," its top warning. Several proof-of-concept exploits have been posted to security mailing lists or Web sites, including one by Larholm and another by a researcher named Billy Rios, who goes by the initials BK.

No fixes -- for either Firefox or IE -- are available, although in a comment posted last month to a security message forum, Dan Veditz, a Mozilla developer, said the team is preparing a patch. "[We are] working on protecting users from this on our end for a future security update," said Veditz. Nonetheless, Veditz, like Larholm and Symantec, said IE should shoulder responsibility for the zero-day vulnerability.

"I do think IE should escape quotes in URLs (RFC 1738 considers them an 'unsafe' character in URLs), but the Firefox team has been looking into back-stop protection in our app since we saw Thor Larholm's Safari 0-day post," Veditz wrote.

Join the newsletter!

Error: Please check your email address.
Rocket to Success - Your 10 Tips for Smarter ERP System Selection
Keep up with the latest tech news, reviews and previews by subscribing to the Good Gear Guide newsletter.

Gregg Keizer

Show Comments



Victorinox Werks Professional Executive 17 Laptop Case

Learn more >



Back To Business Guide

Click for more ›

Brand Post

Most Popular Reviews

Latest Articles


PCW Evaluation Team

Andrew Teoh

Brother MFC-L9570CDW Multifunction Printer

Touch screen visibility and operation was great and easy to navigate. Each menu and sub-menu was in an understandable order and category

Louise Coady

Brother MFC-L9570CDW Multifunction Printer

The printer was convenient, produced clear and vibrant images and was very easy to use

Edwina Hargreaves

WD My Cloud Home

I would recommend this device for families and small businesses who want one safe place to store all their important digital content and a way to easily share it with friends, family, business partners, or customers.

Walid Mikhael

Brother QL-820NWB Professional Label Printer

It’s easy to set up, it’s compact and quiet when printing and to top if off, the print quality is excellent. This is hands down the best printer I’ve used for printing labels.

Ben Ramsden

Sharp PN-40TC1 Huddle Board

Brainstorming, innovation, problem solving, and negotiation have all become much more productive and valuable if people can easily collaborate in real time with minimal friction.

Sarah Ieroianni

Brother QL-820NWB Professional Label Printer

The print quality also does not disappoint, it’s clear, bold, doesn’t smudge and the text is perfectly sized.

Featured Content

Product Launch Showcase

Latest Jobs

Don’t have an account? Sign up here

Don't have an account? Sign up now

Forgot password?