Intel Corp. last week launched the first Pentium 4 desktop processors built to 0.13-micron architecture with its 2.2GHz chip that uses Intel's Northwood processor core. The smaller chip paves the way for generations of faster Pentium 4 chips; a 3GHz Pentium 4 is expected by year's end.
Caching has also been doubled with Northwood to 512Kbps, an improvement experts said will increase the chip's performance more significantly than the increase in clock speed. Moving to a 0.13-micron chip core also means Intel can get nearly twice the number of chips on a 200mm processor die than it could with 0.18-micron core. Manufacturers such as Gateway Inc., Compaq Computer Corp., and Dell Computer Corp. will immediately offer systems housing the new Pentium chip.