How to neutralize today's worst Web attacks

How to neutralize today's worst Web attacks

Symantec recently posted details about a new version of MPack, a for-sale Web attack kit that loads up a site with exploits against Windows, QuickTime, and WinZip. The $400 kit was used in the June "Italian Job", an online assault that hijacked tens of thousands of Web sites, most of them in Italy. Crooks can buy MPack and a host of other nefarious programs on a thriving online black market.

In its post, Symantec listed only which holes the new MPack version targets; I followed up with the company to get specifics and links to fixes. All of the vulnerabilities allow an attacker to take over your PC if you view a tainted Web page. And according to Roger Thompson of Exploit Prevent Labs, another popular kit called Icepack attacks the same flaws.

Since thousands of poisoned Web sites actively attack these program vulnerabilities, they are must-close holes -- and making sure they're fixed will go a good ways toward keeping you safe online. The first three vulnerabilities listed here affect Windows; if you've been keeping up with Automatic Updates, you should have the patches. To make sure, run Windows Update from the Start menu, or download the patches individually from Microsoft. The other two attacks hit QuickTime and WinZip, and are meant to catch people who might update Windows but not worry about other programs.

The must-close holes

Microsoft XML Core Services overflow

Critical flaw for Windows XP SP2, Windows 2000 SP4, and Windows Vista

Get the fix from Windows Update, or Microsoft

WebViewFolderIcon overflow

Critical flaw for Windows XP SP1 and SP2, and Windows 2000 SP4

Get the fix from Windows Update, or Microsoft

ANI overflow

Critical flaw for Windows XP SP2, Windows 2000 SP4, Windows Vista, and Windows Server 2003

Get the fix from Windows Update, or Microsoft

WinZip ActiveX overflow

Critical flaw for WinZip 10 prior to build 7245 on Windows (WinZip doesn't specify which versions of Windows)

Get the fix (and instructions) from WinZip

QuickTime overflow

Critical flaw for QuickTime Player 7.1.3 on Windows XP/2000

Get the fix (and instructions) from Apple, or choose Help, Update Existing Software from the QuickTime menu.

Other threats

But just as a steering-wheel lock won't stop someone from smashing your car window, closing these holes doesn't guarantee that you'll be safe online.

To repel e-mail threats, the other major attack vector, be on your guard against any unsolicited e-mail links or attachments, even if the message uses your name and doesn't contain obvious grammatical errors. One currently operating assault uses data stolen from to send personalized attack messages to job seekers.

And of course, keep your antivirus software up-to-date. Antivirus software won't usually be of direct help in blocking crooks' intrusions via exploits like these, but often it can stop the malicious software that criminals attempt to install after breaking in.

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Erik Larkin

PC World
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