Microsoft has released further details of a group of server and virtualisation products due next year that will set the tone for how well the company will compete in the enterprise software market.
It announced pricing and licensing details for Windows Server 2008, its long-awaited server product due for release in February, and revealed that the commercial name for its virtualisation product will be Hyper-V, formerly known as Viridian. The announcements came on the first day of IT Forum, its largest customer conference in Europe.
On its website, Microsoft is billing the official launch of Windows Server 2008, which will take place in Los Angeles on Feb. 27, as "the most important enterprise launch in company history." That launch will also showcase Visual Studio 2008, the company's application development tools, and SQL Server 2008, its database.
Windows Server 2008, formerly known as Longhorn, has been delayed several times, but since September some customers have been testing the release candidate, the term for when software is in its final stage of refinement before release.
The company is vowing no more delays: Microsoft was absolutely on schedule for the launch of Windows Server 2008 in February, corporate vice-president for server tools and marketing, Andrew Lees, said.
Microsoft would release five versions of Windows Server in February, Lees said: Standard, Enterprise, Datacenter, Web Server and a version for Itanium-based systems.
Within six months of the Windows Server 2008 launch, it will also release Standard, Enterprise and Datacenter versions incorporating its Hyper-V virtualisation software.
Virtualisation enables one physical server to host several operating systems, which can be assigned to run certain applications. It means one physical server can be worked harder, often reducing the need for more server hardware, which in turn bring benefits such as lower power bills for datacentres.
It's complicated technology, however, both for management and security, and only about 5 percent or less enterprises are now actively using virtualisation. However, the market for virtualisation products is expected to grow rapidly over the next few years, according to market analyst IDC.
Virtualisation also means that enterprises can opt to run more copies of free OSes, such as Linux. "Virtualisation poses a substantial risk to Microsoft, since the benefits of free alternatives, such as Linux OSes, Apache for Web serving and MySQL for database are enhanced when customers begin running multiple instances of them on each devices," according to a May report by analyst, Directions on Microsoft.
Microsoft is trying to build excitement around its virtualisation product to catch VMware, a subsidiary of EMC, which leads the market by a wide margin. Microsoft would try to best VMware by providing management tools that allowed, for example, an administrator to quickly deploy another virtual server if one was backlogged with tasks, Lees said. Microsoft's virtualisation tools also allowed a view into how the OSes and applications were performing and allowed modifications, he said. "We will provide a more comprehensive strategy around how to manage and utilize server deployment in terms of the server virtualisation and management of that datacentre," Lees said. Pricing for Windows Server 2008 would be no more than 1 per cent higher than for Windows Server 2003, the company said. The following prices are for a one-off purchase of a perpetual license, although volume licensing customers may get cheaper deals:
- Windows Server 2008 Standard without Hyper-V: $US971 (with five CALs)
- Windows Server 2008 Enterprise without Hyper-V: $US3971 (with 25 CALs)
- Windows Server 2008 Datacenter without Hyper-V: $US2971 (per processor)
- Windows Server 2008 for Itanium-based Systems: $US2999 (per processor)
- Windows Web Server 2008: $US469
When the versions incorporating its Hyper-V virtualisation technology become available, they will be priced as follows:
- Windows Server 2008 Standard: $US999 (with five Client Access Licenses (CALs)
- Windows Server 2008 Enterprise: $US3999 (with 25 CALs)
- Windows Server 2008 Datacenter: $US2999 (per processor)
Microsoft said it would also release a stand-alone hypervisor for running other operating systems, called Hyper-V Server, priced at $US28 regardless of the number of processors. "If you have a machine that doesn't have Windows at all, then you would buy that in order to run instances of say Linux or Sun," Lees said.
Microsoft is continuing its cooperation with XenSource, a virtualisation vendor, which was acquired by Citrix last month. That project enables both Windows and Linux machines to perform well if hosted in a virtual environment on the other OS.
"We have very tight integration of running Linux on Windows," Lees said. "It [Linux] runs incredibly well."
He said if virtual Linux ran well on Windows, it would ultimately make more people choose Windows Server. On the application side, however, people would choose to run Linux with their applications or not based on the merits of Linux versus Windows.
In other announcements, Microsoft made available its [FastCGI extension] for its Internet Information Services 6.0 Web server. The extension enables faster use of application frameworks built in scripting languages such as PHP. Microsoft will also release another Community Technology Preview of SQL Server 2008 this month.