Amateur cryptographer beats Colossus system

Homegrown software and PC solve enciphered messages in 46 seconds, German says

An amateur cryptographer and ham radio operator in Germany thrashed the reconstructed Colossus system in a code-cracking challenge that replicated the pioneering digital computer's work in helping the British to break encrypted messages during World War II, reports out of Germany and the U.K. said today.

According to the BBC, the team at Bletchley Park -- the estate northwest of London where British code-breakers worked to decipher German radio traffic during the war -- cracked the first of several messages around 1:15 p.m. local time today.

But before the Colossus reconstruction team could put its vacuum tubes to work, Joachim Schueth of Bonn, Germany, submitted the deciphered text of the test messages to the U.K.'s National Museum of Computing. The museum, which is located at Bletchley Park in the town of Milton Keynes, was running the cipher challenge to mark the end of the 14-year project to re-create one of the original 10 Colossus machines.

As part of the challenge, a team at the Heinz Nixdorf MuseumsForum -- a computer museum and conference center in Paderborn, Germany -- encrypted the test messages using one of the actual Lorenz teletype-connected systems that enciphered high-level traffic between German high command and other headquarters during the war. The enciphered messages were then transmitted by radio, as messages were by the German military in the 1940s.

Schueth, who also is a programmer, said on his Web site that he had written a suite of software to process the radio signals, then solve the starting positions of the 12 rotors, or enciphering wheels, on the Lorenz machine.

He claimed that it took his PC -- a notebook armed with a 1.4-GHz processor and running the NetBSD operating system -- just 46 seconds to find the settings of all 12 rotors. "Putting Colossus in a competition with modern computers may be a bit unfair," he wrote. "Colossus was an ingenious construction and a landmark in the history of computing. But technology has very much evolved since."

Colossus, meanwhile, had to play catch-up, as radio reception problems on Thursday delayed its receipt of the enciphered messages. The story posted on the BBC's Web site said that the text wasn't fed into the massive machine -- Colossus was the size of a small truck and boasted about 2,400 vacuum tubes -- until 8:15 a.m. Friday. A pair of blown tubes, which are called "valves" in Britain, also delayed the decryption efforts.

The National Museum of Computing hoped that the cipher challenge and the ensuing publicity would spark donations to the museum, which said that it needs to raise about US$12.3 million to maintain its collection of historical computers.

Join the newsletter!

Or

Sign up to gain exclusive access to email subscriptions, event invitations, competitions, giveaways, and much more.

Membership is free, and your security and privacy remain protected. View our privacy policy before signing up.

Error: Please check your email address.
Keep up with the latest tech news, reviews and previews by subscribing to the Good Gear Guide newsletter.

Gregg Keizer

Computerworld
Show Comments

Father’s Day Gift Guide

Brand Post

Most Popular Reviews

Latest Articles

Resources

PCW Evaluation Team

Luke Hill

MSI GT75 TITAN

I need power and lots of it. As a Front End Web developer anything less just won’t cut it which is why the MSI GT75 is an outstanding laptop for me. It’s a sleek and futuristic looking, high quality, beast that has a touch of sci-fi flare about it.

Emily Tyson

MSI GE63 Raider

If you’re looking to invest in your next work horse laptop for work or home use, you can’t go wrong with the MSI GE63.

Laura Johnston

MSI GS65 Stealth Thin

If you can afford the price tag, it is well worth the money. It out performs any other laptop I have tried for gaming, and the transportable design and incredible display also make it ideal for work.

Andrew Teoh

Brother MFC-L9570CDW Multifunction Printer

Touch screen visibility and operation was great and easy to navigate. Each menu and sub-menu was in an understandable order and category

Louise Coady

Brother MFC-L9570CDW Multifunction Printer

The printer was convenient, produced clear and vibrant images and was very easy to use

Edwina Hargreaves

WD My Cloud Home

I would recommend this device for families and small businesses who want one safe place to store all their important digital content and a way to easily share it with friends, family, business partners, or customers.

Featured Content

Product Launch Showcase

Don’t have an account? Sign up here

Don't have an account? Sign up now

Forgot password?