Edward Zander's departure as CEO from Motorola, announced Friday, should spark intense examination by incoming CEO Greg Brown into which markets the cell phone and communications equipment maker should focus on.
On the mobile phone part of the company, which provides nearly two-thirds of Motorola's revenues (which totaled US$43 billion in 2006), Brown needs to find a way to produce a steady supply of cell phones that are attractive to consumers and professionals, several analysts said in interviews today.
Zander grew far too dependent on the early success of the slim Razr phone, which quickly became a "one hit wonder," said Phillip Redman, an analyst at Gartner.
On the enterprise side, Brown needs to better integrate products and services provided by its Symbol Technologies and Good Technology divisions, which were acquired under Zander's tenure, added Chris Silva, an analyst at Forrester Research.
Some experts questioned whether Motorola might even be trying to sell products and services in too many technology areas to succeed. "Investors punish those who do too many things at once," noted Rich Smith, an analyst at The Motley Fool. He suggested Motorola might need to "cut bait on projects or spin off divisions."
After joining Motorola in January 2004, Zander, 60, was flying high as CEO into mid-2006 with the success of the Razr phone.
But the last year has been challenging. The company issued a lower earnings forecast in January, and at the end of October, it said profits would be off by 94% for the third quarter over the same period in 2006. Investor Carl Icahn appeared on the scene in the spring to critique Zander. Icahn also wanted a seat on Motorola's board, but lost in a proxy fight in May. In recent weeks, Icahn has urged Motorola to break itself up.
Redman said Zander didn't do himself any favors. In April, The Wall Street Journal made public a comment Zander often said: "I love my job; I hate my customers." The comment was reportedly first directed at the carriers that buy Motorola phones and were demanding lower prices, according to the article. But Redman said today that the comment has resonated since April.
"He disparaged his customer base and customers don't like to hear that," Redman said. "Zander had enough chances, and the company was not growing this last year. He was more of a salesman than a leader and not really a good salesman at that."
But Redman and other analysts said that Brown, 47, chief operating officer, might not do much better when he takes over Jan. 1 unless he can bring about significant changes.
"Brown doesn't have that much more experience than Zander did, and he's not an obviously better candidate," Smith said, noting that Brown needs to find a way to slow down Motorola's diversification. The company has its "fingers in too many pots," Smith said.
Redman said with cell phones, Motorola needs to find a way to innovate and to design better and more quickly. Nokia Corp., the top cell phone maker, brings in industrial designers to help create the look and feel of its phones, he said, and Motorola should try the same. (Samsung Electronics Co. took the No. 2 position behind Nokia at end of the third quarter, pushing Motorola into third place.)
"They need some of both of a Coco Chanel and a technology guru, and to be willing to go to outside designers," Redman said. It can take one to three years to conceive a phone and bring it to market, and Motorola needs to speed up the number of phones it has in the pipeline as well, he said. There are more than 7,000 software designers at Motorola, but the impression is that there are far fewer, he said.