German electronics firm Siemens and three of its subsidiaries have pleaded guilty to charges related to the U.S. Foreign Corrupt Practices Act (FCPA), for a range of activity, including attempted bribery of government officials worldwide, according to two U.S. agencies.
Due to the charges resulting from the US$805.5 million bribery scheme, Siemens and the subsidiaries have agree to pay criminal fines totaling US$450 million, with the parent company paying US$448.5 million, according to the U.S. Department of Justice and U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission.
At a hearing in U.S. District Court for the District of Columbia, Siemens AG pleaded guilty to two counts of criminal violations of the FCPA's internal controls and books and records provisions. Siemens Argentina pleaded guilty to one count of conspiracy to violate the books and records provisions of the FCPA. Siemens Bangladesh and Siemens Venezuela each pleaded guilty to one count of conspiracy to violate the antibribery and books and records provisions of the FCPA.
Siemens' bribery effort was "unprecedented in scale and geographic reach," Linda Chatman Thomsen, director of the SEC's Division of Enforcement, said in a statement.
Siemens representatives were not immediately available for comment.
Beginning in the mid-1990s, Siemens AG engaged in systematic efforts to falsify its corporate books and records and knowingly failed to implement internal controls, the DOJ and SEC said.
Siemens took advantage of lax internal controls to make bribery and other unaccounted payments totaling nearly US$1.4 billion from March 2001 through 2007, the DOJ and SEC said. Of that money, nearly US$805.5 million went to bribery payments to foreign government officials, the DOJ and SEC press release said.
From 2000 to 2002, four Siemens subsidiaries were awarded 42 contracts with a combined value of more than US$80 million with the Ministries of Electricity and Oil in Iraq under the United Nations Oil for Food Program. Those four subsidiaries paid more than $1.7 million in kickbacks to the Iraqi government, the DOJ and SEC said.
In addition, from September 1998 to 2007, Siemens Argentina made and caused to be made significant payments to various Argentine officials, both directly and indirectly, in exchange for favorable business treatment in connection with a $1 billion national identity card project, the press release said.
Siemens Argentina made about US$3.3 million in corrupt payments to Argentine officials between March 2001, when Siemens AG was listed on the New York Stock Exchange, and 2007, the agencies said.
Siemens Venezuela made about US$18.8 million in bribery payments to Venezuelan officials between November 2001 and May 2007, the agencies said. The payments were for favorable business treatment in major mass transit projects, the DOJ and SEC said.
Siemens Bangladesh made bribery payments of about US$5.3 million to officials in that country between May 2001 and August 2006, the agencies said. The payments were connected to a mobile telephone project.
"Today's filings make clear that for much of its operations across the globe, bribery was nothing less than standard operating procedure for Siemens," Acting Assistant Attorney General Matthew Friedrich, said in a statement. "It should be equally clear that Siemens has undertaken significant remedial measures, instituted real reforms and cooperated from the inception of this investigation."
Siemens AG and its audit committee disclosed potential violations to law enforcement officials, the agencies said.
Under the terms of the plea agreement, Siemens AG has agreed to retain an independent compliance monitor for four years. The compliance officer will make reports to the DOJ.
Also on Monday, Siemens AG agreed to a disposition resolving an ongoing investigation by the Munich Public Prosecutor's Office of Siemens AG's operating groups other than its telecommunications group. The charges were based on corporate failure to supervise its officers and employees, and in connection with those charges Siemens AG agreed to pay EUR395 million, or approximately US$569 million, including a EUR250,000 corporate fine and EUR394.8 million in disgorgement of profits.
In October 2007, the Munich Public Prosecutor's Office announced a settlement with Siemens AG under which Siemens AG agreed to pay EUR201 million, or approximately US$287 million, including a EUR1 million fine and EUR200 million in disgorgement of profits. The October plea was related to bribery charges in Siemens' telecommunications group.
In connection with the cases brought by the DOJ the SEC and the Munich Public Prosecutor's Office, Siemens AG will pay a combined total of more than US$1.6 billion in fines.