CoffeeScript brewing as variation on JavaScript

The open source project, still in the alpha stage, reflects what JavaScript could look like with a syntax to match its features

CoffeeScript, billed by its creator as "unfancy JavaScript," is in development as a language that compiles into JavaScript but offers a different sense of style.

Still in an alpha stage of development, CoffeeScript offers array comprehensions similar to Python and makes JavaScript statements viable as expressions, said Jeremy Ashkenas, who recently began developing CoffeeScript and put out an updated version designated as release 0.2.0 on Monday evening.  Documentation on the 0.2.0 releasee can be found at this Web page. But CoffeeScript, which is open source, is not recommended now for use in deploying applications, given its newness.

[ Also in the software development realm, a beta release of Ruby on Rails 3 is anticipated later this month. ]

"I'm not suggested that anyone use it for real projects at this point," Ashkenas said. "The language is still changing a good deal."  Potential uses, though, could include Web development or server-side JavaScript development.

"The basic idea is that JavaScript has a really nice sort of core object model and a really nice object-oriented model and functional nature," Ashkenas said. "But a lot of that is hidden behind its syntax, which it gets from Java, mostly."

"The problem with that is the syntax doesn't match the core concepts in the language," and is not as elegant or useful as the concepts are, he said.  CoffeeScript reflects what JavaScript could look like with a syntax to match its features, said Ashkenas, who, aside from working on CoffeeScript,  is lead developer at DocumentCloud.

Featuring a compiler written in Ruby, CoffeeScript does not add any special methods or objects but compiles directly into vanilla JavaScript, he said.

The language tries to make JavaScript capabilities, such as function literals, for describing a function, easier. Lexical scoping, for handling local variables, is featured as well.

"Basically, in CoffeeScript you can't accidentally great a variable," Ashkenas said. This feature provides for stronger security.

A Python-style whitespace capability is featured in version 0.2.0 for closing spaces. Version 0.2.0 also features object comprehensions, for looping over properties of an array or object and deriving a comprehension based on them.

This story, "CoffeeScript brewing as variation on JavaScript," was originally published at InfoWorld.com. Follow the latest developments in application development at InfoWorld.com.

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