Drones get bad cell service, but an old ambulance will help

Researchers at Carnegie Mellon University are building a model of cell coverage up in the air

A view of Carnegie Mellon University's Crossmobile seen from a drone during a field test.

A view of Carnegie Mellon University's Crossmobile seen from a drone during a field test.

In the race to get drones into the sky and zipping across cities delivering packages and snapping photos, cellular networks are quickly emerging as the preferred way of keeping them in touch with the ground.

But researchers are finding that getting a reliable signal a hundred meters up in the air isn't as easy as it might seem, and that could present a challenge for companies like Amazon, which want to fly drones over distances greater than WiFi or similar technology allows and maintain contact with the craft during their flight.

The problem is that cellular networks are designed to provide coverage at ground level -- where the customers are -- and not up in the air. Take a look at any cellular base station antenna and you'll notice its antennas points down, not horizontally or up.

Trying to predict the coverage of a base station is complicated, but that's where researchers at Carnegie Mellon University's Silicon Valley campus come in.

Using a converted ambulance and drones of their own, they have been investigating how cellular signals travel through the air and reflect off the ground and other objects to try to build an accurate model of coverage.

(See inside the ambulance in this video.)

"We've built into this old ambulance, a full cellular network," said Bob Iannucci, leader of the CyLab Mobility Research Center at the campus located at NASA's Ames Research Park at Moffett Field, California. "We have the ability to go anywhere, set up a big antenna, create what we call a cellular bubble of coverage, and connect that via satellite."

The group first started taking measurements the old way, by walking around, but then decided that a phone strapped to the bottom of a quadcopter would be easier.

"We discovered that the signal up there is pretty different from what you might imagine," said Iannucci, who was previously chief technology officer of Nokia and head of the company's research center.

So now, several times a year, Iannucci and his students travel to a remote location armed with an FCC license allowing them to operate an experimental radio system. They raise a pneumatic mast and antenna that have been fitted to the ambulance and power up the equipment. A rack of servers and radio gear inside the ambulance generates the cellular signal and a satellite antenna on the roof of the vehicle provides an Internet connection.

Students then climb up onto the roof of the ambulance and fly their drones, all the time capturing information about the cellular signal.

Recently, the group partnered with the U.S. Geological Survey to get detailed laser scans of the surrounding terrain. The hope is that the radio measurements and terrain map will lead to software than can more accurately simulate cell coverage in any given location.

"People think that 'if I can see the antenna, the signal must be great,' but that's not really true," said Iannucci.

The team didn't set out to map cellular coverage for drones, but the work could be important as regulatory hurdles are cleared for greater use of drones by the public and companies.

Martyn Williams covers mobile telecoms, Silicon Valley and general technology breaking news for The IDG News Service. Follow Martyn on Twitter at @martyn_williams. Martyn's e-mail address is martyn_williams@idg.com

Join the newsletter!

Error: Please check your email address.
Rocket to Success - Your 10 Tips for Smarter ERP System Selection

Tags NASArobotics

Keep up with the latest tech news, reviews and previews by subscribing to the Good Gear Guide newsletter.

Martyn Williams

IDG News Service
Show Comments



Sansai 6-Outlet Power Board + 4-Port USB Charging Station

Learn more >



Back To Business Guide

Click for more ›

Most Popular Reviews

Latest Articles


PCW Evaluation Team

Louise Coady

Brother MFC-L9570CDW Multifunction Printer

The printer was convenient, produced clear and vibrant images and was very easy to use

Edwina Hargreaves

WD My Cloud Home

I would recommend this device for families and small businesses who want one safe place to store all their important digital content and a way to easily share it with friends, family, business partners, or customers.

Walid Mikhael

Brother QL-820NWB Professional Label Printer

It’s easy to set up, it’s compact and quiet when printing and to top if off, the print quality is excellent. This is hands down the best printer I’ve used for printing labels.

Ben Ramsden

Sharp PN-40TC1 Huddle Board

Brainstorming, innovation, problem solving, and negotiation have all become much more productive and valuable if people can easily collaborate in real time with minimal friction.

Sarah Ieroianni

Brother QL-820NWB Professional Label Printer

The print quality also does not disappoint, it’s clear, bold, doesn’t smudge and the text is perfectly sized.

Ratchada Dunn

Sharp PN-40TC1 Huddle Board

The Huddle Board’s built in program; Sharp Touch Viewing software allows us to easily manipulate and edit our documents (jpegs and PDFs) all at the same time on the dashboard.

Featured Content

Product Launch Showcase

Latest Jobs

Don’t have an account? Sign up here

Don't have an account? Sign up now

Forgot password?