Android Studio for beginners, Part 3: Build and run the app

Build your app with Gradle, then run it on an Android device emulator or Kindle Fire tablet

In Part 2 you created your first animated mobile app using Android Studio. Now in Part 3 you'll conclude your introduction to mobile application development with Android Studio. First, you'll use Gradle, an open source build automation tool, to build the app's application package (APK) file. Then you'll get instructions to set up and run the app on an Android device emulator or a Kindle Fire HD tablet.

Building the app

You've loaded your source code and resource files into your Android Studio project and now you're ready to build your app for the first time. In the project window you'll see that Android Studio provides a Build menu. You'll use this menu to access Gradle and build W2A.

Under Gradle in the project window, select Rebuild Project. Gradle will start the build process, which may take a minute. If all goes well, the Gradle Console window should soon show a BUILD SUCCESSFUL message.

androidstudiop3 fig1

Figure 1. Gradle shows a BUILD SUCCESSFUL message when a build completes

Instead of selecting Rebuild Project, you could attempt to run the app directly. In this case, Android Studio would instruct Gradle to rebuild the project. Assuming a successful rebuild, Android Studio would ensure the app's APK file (containing executable code, resources, and other information) was installed on your real or emulated Android device, then run the app. (Note that in some cases using Instant Run makes it unnecessary to restart the app.)

Additional tasks

In addition to a basic build feature, Android Studio's Build menu lets you do a number of useful build tasks. For example, notice the Build APK and Generate Signed APK menu items, which you can use to build a signed version of the app's application package file, or a version used specifically for debugging.

Running the app

Also in the project window, the Run menu provides menu items for running and debugging an app. In this section, you'll learn how to run W2A on an emulated device and on an Amazon Kindle Fire HD tablet.

Running W2A on an emulated device

You can run W2A or another app by selecting the Run menu's Run 'app' menu item. Alternatively, you can click the green triangle button on the tool bar. Either way, Android Studio responds with the Select Deployment Target dialog box.

androidstudiop3 fig2

Figure 2. The Select Deployment Target dialog

Because I'm using a non-Intel processor and have yet to set up the Amazon Kindle Fire HD tablet, my only option for running the app was to use an emulator. The dialog box identifies a single emulator that I couldn't use because Android Studio is unable to parse its properties. To work around this, I clicked Create New Emulator button. Android Studio responded with the Virtual Device Configuration dialog box showing a variety of emulators. Nexus 5x is highlighted below.

androidstudiop3 fig3

Figure 3. Available device emulators in the New Emulator window

I selected Nexus 4 and clicked Next. The resulting System Image dialog box invited me to select a system image. I clicked the Other Images tab followed by IceCreamSandwich (without the Google APIs).

Figure 4. Using the emulator to run the app on a non-Intel platform

The ARM binding makes it possible to run the app on a non-Intel platform.

Once you've got your own emulator set up, you'll need to click the Download link to download the image, which isn't installed by default. After accepting the license agreement, click Next. The component installer starts downloading the components.

Figure 5. Click Finish when installation finishes and this button is highlighted

Click Finish when installation finishes and this button is highlighted.

Select IceCreamSandwich in the resulting list followed by Next. You can now configure an AVD.

androidstudiop3 fig6

Figure 6. Configure the AVD as appropriate and click Finish

Select Run 'app' from the Run menu or select the green triangle icon on the tool bar. Once more, Android Studio responds with the Select Deployment Target dialog box. This time, highlight the Nexus 4 API 14 entry and click OK.

The emulator first presents a splash screen. After a few moments, this screen is replaced by a frame window for the Nexus 4 device.

androidstudiop3 fig7

Figure 7. The emulated Nexus 4 device's frame window

It can take a long time for the emulator to finish initializing. In my case, it took more than 10 minutes, which was too long for Android Studio: it gave up and presented the following error message:

<code>Error while waiting for device: Timed out after 300 seconds waiting for emulator to come online.</code>

If you encounter this error, get yourself a cup of coffee and read a magazine. When you come back, you should observe the emulated device's startup screen.

androidstudiop3 fig8

Figure 8. Start up screen displayed in an emulated Nexus 4 device's frame window

Dismiss the startup screen and navigate to the app launcher screen. You will not yet see the W2A app icon on this screen.

androidstudiop3 fig9

Figure 9. The emulated Nexus 4 device's app launcher screen

Run the app a second time. If all goes well, you'll see messages about the app being installed. Also, you'll see the default Android icon for the W2A app on the app launcher screen.

androidstudiop3 fig10

Figure 10. The W2A icon appears in the lower-right corner of the app launcher screen

You don't have to click the icon because W2A automatically starts running. You'll observe the green Android logo and a button labeled Animate.

androidstudiop3 fig11

Figure 11. Click the button to animate the image

Running the app on the Amazon Kindle Fire HD tablet

Running an app via a slow emulator can be very frustrating. One solution is to use faster emulation software, such as GenyMotion's Android emulator. Another solution is to use an actual Android device.

A few years ago, I purchased a first-generation 2012 Amazon Kindle Fire HD 7" tablet, which runs Android 4.0.3 (API Level 15). I use this tablet to run Android apps that don't require the latest Android APIs.

While researching how to use my Kindle Fire tablet with Android Studio, I found two useful guides from Amazon: "Setting Up Your Development Environment for Fire Tablets" and "Connecting Your Fire Tablet for Testing." I'll summarize the process of connecting a Kindle Fire device to Android Studio, but refer to these guides if you need more information.

First, if you're a Windows user like me, you'll need to start by uninstalling the non-ADB (Android Debug Bridge) driver that's installed when your Kindle Fire tablet is connected to your development computer, without first enabling ADB. Then you'll install Amazon's USB driver.

Next, download the Kindle Fire USB driver. The downloaded ZIP archive contains a KindleDrivers.exe application.

Execute KindleDrivers.exe and follow the resulting instructions. I ended up with a C:\Program Files (x86)\\Fire_Devices\Drivers directory containing the necessary driver files.

After installing the drivers, you'll need to enable ADB on your tablet. Then, you'll connect the tablet to your development computer. See the Amazon guide if you need additional instructions for connecting your tablet to Android Studio.

Once you have everything set up, start Android Studio, load the W2A project, and run the W2A app. This time, the Select Deployment Target dialog should show an Amazon KFTT entry in the Connected Devices section. Select this entry and click OK. Android Studio will respond by directing Gradle to build the app.

Despite various error messages about various API types not being found, Android Studio successfully installed the APK on my device and automatically ran the app.

Figure 12 shows the W2A app icon on the app launcher screen.

Figure 12. The W2A app icon is located near the lower-right corner

The W2A app icon is located near the lower-right corner.

Figure 13 shows the W2A app running.

Figure 13. Click Animate to perform the animation

Click Animate to perform the animation.

Conclusion to Part 3

You've written, built, and run your first Android Studio application, so you might be wondering what's next. For now, I suggest you experiment with what you've learned. Use the examples and source code from the three beginner tutorials to develop a new project of your own. Keep your projects simple while you learn the ins and outs of working with Android Studio and its built-in features, but do challenge yourself to experiment.

Of course, there's more that you can do with Android Studio than what you've learned so far. In my next article I'll introduce built-in tools for profiling and debugging your Android Studio apps, as well as three plugins that you can use to extend Android Studio with additional features.

Until then, happy coding!

Join the newsletter!


Sign up to gain exclusive access to email subscriptions, event invitations, competitions, giveaways, and much more.

Membership is free, and your security and privacy remain protected. View our privacy policy before signing up.

Error: Please check your email address.

Tags Google

Keep up with the latest tech news, reviews and previews by subscribing to the Good Gear Guide newsletter.

Jeff Friesen

Unknown Publication
Show Comments

Cool Tech

Toys for Boys

Family Friendly

Stocking Stuffer

SmartLens - Clip on Phone Camera Lens Set of 3

Learn more >

Christmas Gift Guide

Click for more ›

Brand Post

Most Popular Reviews

Latest Articles


PCW Evaluation Team

Aysha Strobbe

Microsoft Office 365/HP Spectre x360

Microsoft Office continues to make a student’s life that little bit easier by offering reliable, easy to use, time-saving functionality, while continuing to develop new features that further enhance what is already a formidable collection of applications

Michael Hargreaves

Microsoft Office 365/Dell XPS 15 2-in-1

I’d recommend a Dell XPS 15 2-in-1 and the new Windows 10 to anyone who needs to get serious work done (before you kick back on your couch with your favourite Netflix show.)

Maryellen Rose George

Brother PT-P750W

It’s useful for office tasks as well as pragmatic labelling of equipment and storage – just don’t get too excited and label everything in sight!

Cathy Giles

Brother MFC-L8900CDW

The Brother MFC-L8900CDW is an absolute stand out. I struggle to fault it.

Luke Hill


I need power and lots of it. As a Front End Web developer anything less just won’t cut it which is why the MSI GT75 is an outstanding laptop for me. It’s a sleek and futuristic looking, high quality, beast that has a touch of sci-fi flare about it.

Emily Tyson

MSI GE63 Raider

If you’re looking to invest in your next work horse laptop for work or home use, you can’t go wrong with the MSI GE63.

Featured Content

Product Launch Showcase

Don’t have an account? Sign up here

Don't have an account? Sign up now

Forgot password?