US lawmakers balk at call for IoT security regulations

Compromised IoT devices could be used to launch dangerous attacks, Schneier says

The U.S. government needs to pass regulations mandating internet of things security measures before device vulnerabilities start killing people, a security expert told lawmakers.

A massive distributed denial-of-service attack aided by IoT devices in October "was benign" because a couple of websites crashed, said Bruce Schneier, a veteran cybersecurity researcher and lecturer at Harvard University. But the next attack may be more dangerous.

With cars, airplanes, thermostats, and appliances now connected to the internet, "there's real risk to life and property, real catastrophic risk," Schneier told two House of Representatives subcommittees Wednesday.

While some Republican committee members questioned the need for IoT security regulations, Schneier suggested that sellers and customers of IoT devices have little reason to fix them without a push. 

Many IoT devices are low-profit products with little security built in, no easy avenue to patch vulnerabilities, and no way for customers to know their devices are compromised, he and other experts said. And while users replace smartphones every 18 months, a compromised DVR may be used for five years, a car for 10, and a thermostat may be replaced "approximately never," Schneier said.

This leads to a market failure where regulation is needed, he said. "The market really can't fix this," Schneier added. "Buyer and seller don't care."

Schneier's call for IoT regulations is likely to meet resistance in the Republican-controlled Congress, however. Regulations aren't completely off the table, but they would be a "knee-jerk reaction" to recent attacks, said Representative Greg Walden, an Oregon Republican. "The United States cannot regulate the world."

Many IoT devices are manufactured overseas, Walden noted, and U.S. regulations can't mandate their security measures.

In addition, regulations could limit innovation from U.S. IoT companies and hurt the nation's chances to be a world leader in the IoT industry, Walden said. "We don't want this to be an innovation killer," he added. "I don't think I want my refrigerator talking to some food police."

Other witnesses during Wednesday's hearing called on the U.S. government to push for IoT standards that the industry can adopt. On Tuesday, the U.S. National Institute of Standards and Technology released updated guidance on securing IoT.

IoT security remains "woefully inadequate" even as security experts saw the problems coming, said Kevin Fu, CEO of Virta Labs and a computer science professor at the University of Michigan. "We are in this sorry and deteriorating state because there's almost no cost for a manufacturer to deploy products with poor cybersecurity."

Fu called for national IoT security standards, more federal research on IoT security, and a national testing lab for devices. 

The U.S. should start with standards and "apply pressure" to IoT device makers, added Dale Drew, CSO for Level 3 Communications. "They can be applied globally, and I think we can get some traction and momentum before we start regulating."

Join the newsletter!

Error: Please check your email address.
Rocket to Success - Your 10 Tips for Smarter ERP System Selection
Keep up with the latest tech news, reviews and previews by subscribing to the Good Gear Guide newsletter.

Grant Gross

IDG News Service
Show Comments

Most Popular Reviews

Latest Articles

Resources

PCW Evaluation Team

Sarah Ieroianni

Brother QL-820NWB Professional Label Printer

The print quality also does not disappoint, it’s clear, bold, doesn’t smudge and the text is perfectly sized.

Ratchada Dunn

Sharp PN-40TC1 Huddle Board

The Huddle Board’s built in program; Sharp Touch Viewing software allows us to easily manipulate and edit our documents (jpegs and PDFs) all at the same time on the dashboard.

George Khoury

Sharp PN-40TC1 Huddle Board

The biggest perks for me would be that it comes with easy to use and comprehensive programs that make the collaboration process a whole lot more intuitive and organic

David Coyle

Brother PocketJet PJ-773 A4 Portable Thermal Printer

I rate the printer as a 5 out of 5 stars as it has been able to fit seamlessly into my busy and mobile lifestyle.

Kurt Hegetschweiler

Brother PocketJet PJ-773 A4 Portable Thermal Printer

It’s perfect for mobile workers. Just take it out — it’s small enough to sit anywhere — turn it on, load a sheet of paper, and start printing.

Matthew Stivala

HP OfficeJet 250 Mobile Printer

The HP OfficeJet 250 Mobile Printer is a great device that fits perfectly into my fast paced and mobile lifestyle. My first impression of the printer itself was how incredibly compact and sleek the device was.

Featured Content

Latest Jobs

Don’t have an account? Sign up here

Don't have an account? Sign up now

Forgot password?