Everything You Need To Know About HarmonyOS

Credit: Huawei

Huawei has announced their own proprietary operating system called Harmony OS at their latest developers conference in Dongguan. Here’s what you need to know about it.

What is Harmony OS?

Although the possibility of Huawei seriously losing its access to the Android ecosystem has only relatively-recently become a hot issue in the wider consumer space, the Chinese technology company has been quietly preparing for this for several years through development of its own operating system. 

Freshly unveiled at this year’s Huawei Developer Conference, Harmony OS is not only just the answer to what Huawei will do if they are eventually kicked out of Google’s ecosystem but also the blueprint for their ambitions beyond the smartphone category.

Somewhat-similar to Google’s Fuchsia, HarmonyOS is a microkernel-based, distributed operating system that’s designed to provide a seamless experience across not just smartphone but also things like smartwatches, smart screens, in-vehicle systems and smart speakers. 

According to Huawei Consumer CEO Richard Yu, "We're entering a day and age where people expect a holistic intelligent experience across all devices and scenarios. To support this, we felt it was important to have an operating system with improved cross-platform capabilities. We needed an OS that supports all scenarios, that can be used across a broad range of devices and platforms, and that can meet consumer demand for low latency and strong security."

How secure will HarmonyOS be?

Credit: Huawei

No surprises here but Huawei have publicly said that that HarmonyOS will be both “secure and trustworthy.”

They say that “Harmony OS's microkernel design uses formal verification methods to reshape security and trustworthiness from the ground up in a Trusted Execution Environment (TEE).” 

“HarmonyOS is the first OS to use formal verification in device TEE, significantly improving security. In addition, because the HarmonyOS microkernel has much less code, the probability of attack is greatly reduced.”

Of course, it’s difficult to realistically talk about the security of an operating system that’s not yet widely available. Whether or not Huawei can live up to their promises here is something that only time and scrutiny will ultimately determine. 

What will HarmonyOS look like?

This isn’t quite known yet. Huawei have yet to release any sort of official screenshots that give us a sense of what the user interface offered by HarmonyOS will look like. We expect something broadly similar to their current EMUI Android skin.

Who is developing apps for HarmonyOS?

Credit: Huawei

It’s early days for HarmonyOS so it’s not quite clear how widely adopted the platform will be among software developers. However, to make things a little bit easier, one of the advantages that Huawei are pitching for their operating system is the ability to more efficiently build apps that run on multiple devices thanks to a multi-device IDE. 

Huawei also say that “to encourage broader adoption” they’ll be looking to release HarmonyOS as an open-source platform and cultivate the kind of open-source community that allows them to support more in-depth collaboration with developers.

Will the Mate 30 run on HarmonyOS?

Almost certainly not. Huawei have said they plan to stick with Android for as long as they’re able to. So unless there’s some radical deterioration of the understanding that Huawei and the US Trade Department seem to have reached around their temporary exemption from the trade blacklisting that occurred earlier this year, the Huawei Mate 30 and Mate 30 Pro will launch running on the latest version of Android Q and EMUI. 

As originally reported by Forbes, Huawei CEO Richard Yu insists the company “are still prioritizing Google and its Android system to be used in our phones.” 

During a private meeting at this year’s Huawei Developer Conference, Yu reportedly said that “if we cannot use Android, Harmony OS can be ready within one or two days.”

Basically, HarmonyOS is the company’s plan B - though whether or not they’d look to migrate older handsets over from Android to HarmonyOS or only focus on future products remains an unknown.  

When will HarmonyOS arrive?

Huawei say that HarmonyOS 1.0 will be seen later this year in the company’s new smart screen products, such as their new Honor Vision TV.  It is currently unclear whether this product will come to Australia.

Then, over the next three years, they claim that “HarmonyOS will be optimised and gradually adopted” across a broader range of devices such as wearables and automobile tech.

Credit: Huawei

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Fergus Halliday
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